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Tarangire National Park Close to Arusha, 118 km away, Tarangire National Park gets its name from the river that threads its way through the length of the reserve. It is famous for its dense wildlife population which is most spectacular between June and September, the dry period.During this time thousands of animals - wildebeest, zebra, eland, elephant, hartebeest, buffalo and oryx - migrate from the dry Masai steppe to the Tarangire River looking for water. Lion, leopard and other predators follow the herds. Tarangire is also home to 550 varieties of bird.

    
Mkomazi Game Reserve
Mkomazi is a 3,700 sq km game reserve in northern Tanzania. It is a spectacular wilderness of dry bush, ancient baobab trees, isolated rocky hills, open savannah, acacias and shallow valleys of grassland. To the northwest is Mount Kilimanjaro; to the south the Pare and Usumbara Mountains; and to the north Kenya's Tsavo National Park. Tsavo actually shares a border with Mkomazi allowing huge herds of elephant to migrate during the wet season. Mkomazi was established in 1951 but, remote and inaccessible at that time, never attracted the financial support provided for the better known wildlife areas. By 1988 Mkomazi was in steep decline. Heavy poaching had wiped out its black rhino and elephant populations and it was feared that the reserve might be de-gazetted and released for agriculture. Then, with a view to ensuring the complete rehabilitation of the area and the reintroduction of its endangered species, The Tanzanian Government designated Mkomazi a National Priority Project. Roads, boundaries and airstrips were cleared; a new radio network installed; water sources sited; dams constructed; rangers recruited and equipped; and hundreds of air-hours flown on anti-poaching patrols. The Captive Breeding Program for the African wild dog was established, and the Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary constructed and stocked. Both projects form part of the Tanzanian Government's policy on endangered species. The years of hard work have had a profound effect on the animals in the reserve. In the late 1960's some 250 black rhino roamed wild in Mkomazi.By the late 1980's they were none. And at the end of 1980's two decades of slaughter at the hands of ivory poachers, only eleven elephants remained. But today the black rhino has returned to Mkomazi. In 1997 the 28-squaremile Mkomazi Rhino Sanctuary, the first in Tanzania, received its first four rhinos from South Africa. Eventually the sanctuary will hold up to 20 rhinos pending their transfer to other safe and secure areas of the country. And now, during the rainy season, close on 1,000 elephants range freely across the reserve, including herds of females with their calves. Buffalo, eland, giraffe, gerenuk, Grant's gazelle, hartebeest, impala, lesser kudu, oryx, steinbok, waterbuck and zebra share the reserve with the elephant while large predators include numerous lion, leopard, cheetah and hyena. In all, 78 species of mammals have been recorded while a reptile python. The birds of Mkomazi are far more numerous with between 400 and 450 recorded species. Beeeaters, hornbills, guinea fowl, starlings and weaver-birds are seen in large numbers but less well-known species include martial eagles, secretary birds and violet wood-hoopoes. The plant and insect life is probably the most diversified in Tanzania. For tourists, Mkomazi offers abundant game viewing, scenic beauty and a quality wilderness experience ideal for game drives, walking safaris and hiking. It is an ornithologist's and photographer's paradise.

     

Arusha National Park
Of Arusha is the Arusha National Park which was described by Sir Julian Huxley as "a gem amongst parks." It consists of three spectacular features, the Momela Lakes, Mount Meru and the Ngurdoto Crater. On clear days magnificent views of Mount Kilimanjaro can be seen from almost any part of the park. The vegetation and wildlife varies with the topography, which ranges from forest to swamp. The park is famous for its 400 species of birdlife, both migrant and resident, and black and white colobus monkey. Other animals frequently seen in the park are baboon, elephant, buffalo, giraffe, hippo, leopard, hyena, zebra and a wide range of antelope species.

      

Lake Manyara National Park
Lake Manyara National Park covers an area of 322sq.km.Besides the abundant variety of birdlife, the park is reknown for its tree climbing lions which spend hours on the branches of the acacia tree, three to seven metres above the ground. The park also has hot sulphur springs in its southern zone, popularly known as Mojimoto, literally meaning "hot water".

    
Serengeti National Park
The Serengeti remains the largest national park in Tanzania today occupying 14,763sq.km.the park boasts of the highest wildlife concentration in the whole Africa. In fact, it is the only place where one can see the big "five". The annual animal migration led by thousands of wildebeest, start in May till June. The movement takes off from the central plains heading westwards and northwards in search of water. Alongside this search are also predators and scavengers like hyena and vultures.


The Ngorongoro Crate
Popularly known as the eighth wonder of the world, the Ngorongoro crater covers an area of 259sq.km with 610meter high walls, making it the largest intact crater in the world. Here you find the panoramic view of permanent game. It is the only place where one could easily spot the now most endangered specie, the rhino. Other animals like lions, elephant, zebra, wildebeest and a teaming birdlife are in abundance. One needs a four-wheel drive to get the floor.

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